View Working Together View Working Together

12.1 Local Safeguarding Board – Role and Function


In September 2015, this chapter was updated to reflect Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015.




Scope of the LSCB Role

LSCB Functions

LSCB Chair

LSCB Membership

Integration with Other Forums

LSCB Annual Report

Specific Arrangements in each LSCB


12.1.1 The Children Act 2004 requires each Local Authority to establish a Local Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB). The LSCB is the key statutory mechanism for agreeing how the relevant organisations in each area will co-operate to safeguard and promote the welfare of the children within the Authority, and for ensuring the effectiveness of what they do.
12.1.2 For further more detailed information, please refer to Chapter 3 of Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015 and the Local Safeguarding Children Boards Regulations 2006.

For specific arrangements in each LSCB, please see the following websites, which will include the Annual Reports:



The core objectives of the LSCB are set out in section 14(1) of the Children Act 2004 as follows:

  • To coordinate what is done by each person or body represented on the Board for the purposes of safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children in the area of the authority: and
  • To ensure the effectiveness of what is done by each person or body for that purpose.

Scope of the LSCB Role

12.1.5 The scope of LSCB role includes safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children in three broad areas of activity.

First, activity that affects all children and aims to identify and prevent maltreatment, or impairment of health or development, and ensure children are growing up in circumstances consistent with safe and effective care. For example:

  • Mechanisms to identify abuse and neglect wherever they may occur;
  • Work to increase understanding of safeguarding children issues in the professional and wider community, promoting the message that safeguarding is everybody's responsibility;
  • Work to ensure that organisations working or in contact with children, operate recruitment and human resources practices that take account of the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children;
  • Monitoring the effectiveness of organisations' implementation of their duties under section 11 of the Children Act 2004;
  • Ensuring children know who they can contact when they have concerns about their own or others' safety and welfare;
  • Ensuring that adults (including those who are harming children) know who they can contact if they have a concern about a child or young person.
  • Work to prevent accidents and other injuries and, where possible, deaths; and
  • Work to prevent and respond effectively to bullying

Second, proactive work that aims to target particular groups. For example:

  • Developing / evaluating thresholds and procedures for work with children and families where a child has been identified as In Need under the Children Act 1989, but where the child is not suffering or at risk of suffering Significant Harm;
  • Work to safeguard and promote the welfare of groups of children who are potentially more vulnerable than the general population, for example children living away from home, children who have run away from home, children missing from school or childcare, children in the youth justice system, including custody,  disabled children and children and young people affected by gangs.

Thirdly, responsive work to protect children who are suffering, or likely to suffer harm, including:

  • Children abused and neglected within families, including those harmed;
  • In the context of domestic violence and abuse;
  • As a consequence of the impact of substance misuse or of parental mental ill health;
  • Children abused outside families by adults known to them;
  • Children abused and neglected by professional carers, within institutional settings, or anywhere else where children are cared for away from home;
  • Children abused by strangers;
  • Children abused by other young people;
  • Young perpetrators of abuse; and
  • Children abused through sexual exploitation; and
  • Young victims of crime.

LSCB Functions


The core functions of the LSCBs are set out in primary legislation and regulations (Note: The Local Safeguarding Children Boards Regulations 2006. Further detail is given in Chapter 3 of Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015, which outlines that the functions of the LSCB include:

1(a) developing policies and procedures for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children in the area of the authority, including policies and procedures in relation to:
  (i) the action to be taken where there are concerns about a child's safety or welfare, including thresholds for intervention;
  (ii) training of persons who work with children or in services affecting the safety and welfare of children;
  (iii) recruitment and supervision of persons who work with children;
  (iv) investigation of allegations concerning persons who work with children;
  (v) safety and welfare of children who are privately fostered;
  (vi) cooperation with neighbouring children's services authorities and their Board partners;
(b) communicating to persons and bodies in the area of the authority the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children, raising their awareness of how this can best be done and encouraging them to do so;
(c) monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of what is done by the authority and their Board partners individually and collectively to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and advising them on ways to improve;
(d) participating in the planning of services for children in the area of the authority; and
(e) undertaking reviews of serious cases and advising the authority and their Board partners on lessons to be learned.

Regulation 5 (2) which relates to the LSCB Serious Case Reviews function and regulation 6 which relates to the LSCB Child Death functions are covered in chapter 4 of the guidance.

Regulation 5 (3) provides that an LSCB may also engage in any other activity that facilitates, or is conducive to, the achievement of its objectives.

12.1.10 An LSCB may also engage in any other activity that facilitates, or is conducive to, the achievement of its objective.

LSCB Chair

12.1.11 In order to provide effective scrutiny, the LSCB should be independent. It should not be subordinate to, nor subsumed within, other local structures.


Every LSCB should have an independent chair who can hold all agencies to account.


It is the responsibility of the Chief Executive (Head of Paid Service) to appoint or remove the LSCB chair with the agreement of a panel including LSCB partners and lay members. The Chief Executive, drawing on other LSCB partners and, where appropriate, the Lead Member will hold the Chair to account for the effective working of the LSCB.

LSCB Membership

12.1.12 The LSCB is made of organisations which will designate particular, named people as their LSCB member so that there is a consistency and continuity in membership.

Members will be those with a strategic role in relation to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children within their organisation. They should be able to:

  • Speak for their organisation with authority;
  • Commit their organisation on policy and practice matters;
  • Hold their organisation to account and hold others to account.

Statutory Members of the LSCB must include:

  • District Councils in local government areas which have them;
  • The Chief Officer of Police for a police area any part of which falls within the area of the local authority;
  • The local Probation Board for area, any part of which falls within the area of the LA;
  • The Youth Offending Team for an area any part of which falls within the area of the local authority;
  • NHS England and Clinical Commissioning Groups for an area any part of which falls within the area of the local authority;
  • NHS Trusts and NHS Foundation Trusts all or most of whose hospitals or establishments and facilities are situated in the local authority area;
  • CAFCASS (Children and Family Courts Advisory and Support Service);
  • The governor or director of any Secure Training Centre in the area of the local authority; and
  • The governor or director of any prison in the local authority area which ordinarily detains children.

The Local Authority should ensure that those responsible for adult social services functions are represented on the SCB, because of the importance of adult social care in safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children. Similarly health organisations should ensure that adult health services and in particular adult mental health and adult disability services are represented on the SCB.

Other Members

The Local Authority should also secure the involvement of other relevant local organisations and the NSPCC where a representative is made available.

In addition, two representatives of the local community should be appointed as full LSCB members (their role is described in Working Together 2015) and the LSCB must also appoint representation from schools. This means taking steps to ensure that the following are represented: the governing body of a maintained school; the proprietor of a non-maintained special school; the proprietor of a city technology college, a city college for the technology of the arts or an Academy; and the governing body of a further education institution the main site of which is situated in the authority's area. Independent schools should also be included as appropriate.

LSCBs should engage with faith groups, children's centres, GPs, independent healthcare organisations, and voluntary and community sector organisations including bodies providing specialist care to children with severe disabilities and complex health needs.

In areas where they have significant local activity, the armed forces (in relation both to the families of Service men and women and those personnel that are under the age of 18), UK Visas and Immigration (formerly  UK Border Agency) should also be included.

Where the number or size of similar organisations precludes individual representation on the LSCB, for example in the case of schools or voluntary youth bodies, the Local Authority should seek to involve then through existing networks or forums, or by encouraging and developing suitable networks or forums to facilitate communication between organisations and with the LSCB.

Involvement of other agencies and groups

Each LSCB should make appropriate arrangements at a strategic management level to involve others in its work as needed. For example, there may be some organisations or individuals which are in theory represented by the statutory Board partners but which need to be engaged because of their particular role in service provision to children and families or role in public protection. There will be other organisations which the LSCB needs to link to, either through inviting them to join the LSCB or through some other mechanism. For example:

  • The Coronial Service;
  • Dental health services;
  • Domestic Violence Forums;
  • Drug and alcohol misuse services;
  • Drug Action Teams;
  • Housing, culture and leisure services;
  • Housing providers;
  • Local Authority legal services;
  • Local MAPPA;
  • Local sports bodies and services;
  • Local Family Justice Council;
  • Sexual health services;
  • Crown Prosecution Service;
  • Witness Support Services;
  • Local Criminal Justice Board;
  • Other health providers such as pharmacists;
  • Representatives of service users.
12.1.15 The LSCB should either include on its Board, or be able to draw on appropriate expertise and advice from, frontline professionals from all the relevant sectors. This includes a designated doctor and nurse, the Director of Public Health, Principal Child and Family Social Worker and the voluntary and community sector.

The LSCB also need to draw on the work key national organisations and liaise with them where necessary, for example the Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre.

The Lead Member for Children should be a participating observer of the LSCB. In practice this means routinely attending meetings as an observer and receiving all its written reports.

Integration with Other Forums

12.1.18 It is important that safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is seen as part of the wider context of the Children's Trust and that the LSCB's policies, guidance and procedures such as these, reflect and contribute to the wider goals of improving the wellbeing of all children. The LSCB complements the role of the Children's Trust Board and the LSCB should be represented on the Children's Trust Board although the two bodies should be chaired by different people.
12.1.19 The Children's Trust Board - drawing on support and challenge from the LSCB - will ensure that the Children and Young People's Plan reflects the strengths and weaknesses of safeguarding arrangements and practices in the area and what more needs to be done by each partner to improve safeguarding and promotion of welfare. The LSCB is a formal consultee during the development of the Children and Young People's Plan.

LSCB Annual Report


The Chair must publish an annual report on the effectiveness of child safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children in the local area (this is a statutory requirement under Section 14A of the Children Act 2004). The annual report should be published in relation to the preceding financial year and should fit with local agencies' planning, commissioning and budget cycles. The report should be submitted to the Chief Executive, Leader of the Council, the local police and crime commissioner and the Chair of the Health and Wellbeing Board.

The report should provide a rigorous and transparent assessment of the performance and effectiveness of local services. It should identify areas of weakness, the causes of those weaknesses and the action being taken to address them as well as other proposals for action. The report should include lessons from reviews undertaken within the reporting period.

The report should also list the contributions made to the LSCB by partner agencies and details of what the LSCB has spent, including on Child Death Reviews, Serious Case Reviews and other specific expenditure such as learning events or training.

Specific Arrangements in each LSCB


There are specific arrangements for each LSCB in East Sussex, West Sussex and Brighton and Hove with regard to

  • Accountability, Integration with other Forums, Membership and Structure;
  • Annual Business Plan and Annual Report;
  • Finance and Staffing;
  • Media interest in Child Abuse.

These are determined locally by each board and are covered in their terms of reference. These are available on each Board's website: